Catholic Terms - As talked about Nov. 17-18

posted Nov 18, 2018, 1:56 PM by Church Office   [ updated Nov 18, 2018, 1:56 PM by Michelle Massung ]

Catholic Terms


1.              Disciple vs Apostle


Disciple - A pupil, a student; name sometimes applied to one of the early followers of Jesus, one of the seventy-two.


Apostle- One sent to spread the Gospel or the name often given to a missionary to a country.



2.              Son of God vs Son of Man


Son of God – Jesus is fully Divine


Son of Man – Jesus is fully human


When did Jesus use them?  He used Son of Man when he talked about how He came into the world to suffer and die for our salvation. He used the Son of God when He talked about how He came to do the will of his Father. He will come again as the Son of Man to bring us back to the Father on judgment day.


3.              Mercy vs Pity


Mercy - Compassion for the sufferings, whether bodily or spiritual. When we ask for God’s mercy, we are essentially asking him to relieve us of a heart that is in misery.


Pity –The desire to feel sorrow or compassion towards the misfortunes of others. Grief or pain aroused by the suffering or misfortune of another. To have pity on someone is to feel the same suffering they do.


They asked Christ to have pity on them so that He would alleviate their suffering.  They asked Jesus to have mercy on them to restore their sinful hearts and physical ailments.  Mercy is something that can be given right away.  If they ask for pity, you first need to see their pain and feel sorry for them, then you can extend mercy.


4.              Three types of Love


Eros – Sexual love; the love expressed between a husband and wife.


Philla – Brotherly love; Philadelphia is the city of brotherly love.  Love between close members of a family. is expressed variously as loyalty to friends, family, and community, and requires virtue, equality, and familiarity.


Agape – We love everyone equally and unconditionally, in the same way that God loves us.  We have no favorites or any enemies, just like God.  It is the perfect love because is the greatest expression of this type of love.


5.              Law vs Commandment

Law - The rule of reason by which a person is moved to act or restrained from acting. In the Church this has the meaning of an action which ought to follow upon recognition of a precept or an order. Catholic Church laws that are binding under conscience, which the Church by lawful authority has made and imposed on the faithful. The laws: usually six in number, for the spiritual good of the faithful impose obligations under pain of sin They are: (1) To hear Mass on Sundays and Holydays of obligation; (2) to fast and abstain on all days appointed; (3) to receive holy Communion during the Easter season; (4) to receive the Sacrament of Penance at least once a year (5) to contribute toward the support of our priests; (6) to refrain from marrying within the fourth degree of kindred, or to solemnize marriage during the forbidden times.

Commandment - The commandments given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai; the ten commandments. These have a higher place in our moral conscience because these were given to us by God.  Laws are given to us by humans.



6.               Meek vs Humble

Meek -  Docile, overly submissive, compliant, tame, spiritless

Humble -  Humility - The moral virtue which prompts us to recognize that of ourselves we are nothing and can do nothing without divine assistance; the reasonable evaluation of ourselves and recognition of our dependence upon God, It is a virtue which is joined to the virtue of temperance in that it moderates the desire for honor, self-glorification, and the esteem of others.

We should be humble and not meek.  We need to stand up for what we believe and not let others take advantage of us or allow ourselves to be put down.

7.              Love vs Charity

Love – Willing the good of the other for the sake of the other

Charity - A divinely infused virtue by which we prefer God as the sovereign good before all else and by which we do His will and are united with Him. The virtue that disposes us to love God, ourselves, and our neighbors for the sake of God and not for our own glory. Charity is also love that we put into action.